Do You Fast During Purim
The day prior to Purim is a day for fasting. Its called the Fast of Esther and lasts from sunrise to sunset. This fast is an elimination of all food and drink. Its a practice meant to commemorate Esthers decision to fast and pray prior to speaking with the king about his plan to eliminate the jews in his kingdom.
Interpretations And Derivatives Of Rabbeinu Tam’s Position
- There are those fundamentally agree with Rabbeinu Tam’s 4 mil opinion, but instead of the standard definition of a mil as 18 minutes they define a mil as 22.5 minutes, making Tzeit HaKochavim 90 minutes after sunset. Others define a mil as 24 minutes, making Shabbat end 96 minutes after sunset.
- Finally, some of those of who hold of a 24 minute mil maintain Tzeit HaKochavim occurs two hours after sunset. This position is based on the Rambam’s position that a mil is 24 minutes and on those who maintain there are not four but five mil for Tzeit HaKochavim.
What Do You Eat For Purim
For Ashkenazi Jews, perhaps the most widely held food tradition on Purim is eating triangular-shaped foods such as kreplach and hamantashen pastries. Kreplach are pasta triangles filled with ground beef or chicken and hamantashen are triangles of pastry dough surrounding a filling often made with dates or poppy seeds.
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Fas Daily Daf Yomi Group
Led by distinguished Rosh Yeshiva Rabbi Shmuel Fishelis, our Daf Yomi study group meets at Fifth Avenue Synagogue on the following schedule:
Everyday at 6:45 AM – 8:00 AM, and Sundays at 7:00 AM with Rabbi Fishelis. *On federal holidays, class will meet on the Sunday schedule.
For those who are unable to attend in person, the Dial-in number for Daf Yomi is 436-6348, Access Code: 643138#.
We are currently learning Tractate Rosh Hashanah.
Reform And Reconstructionist Views
Generally, adherents of Reform and Reconstructionist Judaism believe that the individual Jew determines whether to follow Shabbat prohibitions or not. For example, some Jews might find activities, such as writing or cooking for leisure, to be enjoyable enhancements to Shabbat and its holiness, and therefore may encourage such practices. Many Reform Jews believe that what constitutes “work” is different for each person, and that only what the person considers “work” is forbidden. The radical Reform rabbi Samuel Holdheim advocated moving Sabbath to Sunday for many no longer observed it, a step taken by dozens of congregations in the United States in late 19th century.
More rabbinically traditional Reform and Reconstructionist Jews believe that these halakhoth in general may be valid, but that it is up to each individual to decide how and when to apply them. A small fraction of Jews in the Progressive Jewish community accept these laws much the same way as Orthodox Jews.
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Emergence Of The Stars
According to this position, anything that is stipulated in the Gemara about the amount of time between sunset and Tzeit HaKochavim is only applicable to Bavel and Israel during the Tishrei and Nissan equinoxes, not for the rest of the world nor during any other time of the year. The astronomical method uses the time that it takes to see the three small stars in Israel and the position of the sun at this time to extrapolate a calculation for when Shabbat should end for the rest of the world. In Jerusalem, during the Tishrei and Nissan equinoxes, it takes approximately 32 minutes in the winter and 38 minutes in the summer after sunset to see these three stars in the sky. At this time, the sun has set 8.5 degrees below the horizon. Therefore, Shabbat ends when the sun has set 8.5 degrees below the horizon in every other location in the world at any other time during the year
The amount of time it will take for the sun to set 8.5 degrees varies by locale, and, therefore, the time between sunset and Tzeit HaKochavim is not uniform across different regions.
Using Rabbenu Tam For A Safek
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Blessing The Candle Lighting
The ritual of lighting the candles involves:
1. The actual lighting of the candles
2. Drawing the hands around the candles and toward the face from one to seven times
3. Covering the eyes with the hands
4. Saying the blessingBarukh atah Adonai Eloheinu melekh haolam asher kidshanu bmitzvotav vtzivanu lhadlik ner shel shabbat.
Blessed are You, Lord our God, Ruler of the Universe, who has sanctified us with commandments, and commanded us to light Shabbat candles.
The halacha for this is a bit complicated. A blessing must be said before an act. However, since the blessing over the Shabbat candles is also the act which initiates Shabbat, it is forbidden to light a fire after the blessing is said . To get over this bind, one lights the candles and then covers ones eyes while saying the blessing. When the eyes are opened, the already lit candles are enjoyed for the first time, as it were, therefore both completing the blessing and not violating Shabbat.
There are several intentions associated with the waving of the hands around the candles: it serves to usher in the Shabbat Bride as the light of Shabbat fills the room and surrounds the person it symbolizes the culmination of the six days of creation into the seventh day of rest it draws the warmth and light inside oneself.
After saying the blessing, you can softly utter prayers for yourself or others.
You should not make use of the light otherwise it a wasted and invalidated blessing.
How To Light Shabbat Candles
What you need to know about this ritual welcoming the Sabbath.
As a ceremonial object or art, the candle is generally overlooked, yet it has great significance. Whether intended for practical purposes such as providing light, or for more evocative, quasi-magical ends, such as rekindling the winter sun, almost every festival and celebration incorporates the use of candles at some point.
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When Is Shabbat Over
Posted by: Yaakov Hoffman in Halachah, Halachah Category, Journal, PostsSep 12, 18
Determining when Shabbat concludes has always been a weekly necessity for observant Jews. Thus, one might assume that everyone ends Shabbat at more or less the same time. In actuality, there is a great deal of variation. Some people commence weekday activities on Saturday night 40 minutes after sunset, while others wait longersome as long as two hours after sunset. How could it be that there is such a range?
Compounding the question is the fact that the Talmud itself seems to rule that Shabbat is over quite early. Shabbat ends at halakhic nightfall, which is heralded by the appearance of three medium-sized stars . The Talmud states that nightfall occurs when the amount of time has passed after sunset that one could walk three-quarters of a mil . This is at most 18 minutes.This figure assumes that a mil is 24 minutes. According to the opinion that a mil is 18 minutes, three-quarters of a mil would be even less: 13.5 minutes.
Granted, some interpret the Talmuds conclusion to mean that tzeit ha-kokhavim actually occurs a bit later than three-quarters of a mil after sunset.In this interpretation, it is only R. Yehuda who holds that nightfall is three-quarters of a mil after sunset according to R. Yose, tzeit ha-kokhavim occurs slightly later. However, many authorities Continue reading But people nowadays wait much longer than 18 minutes after sunset to end Shabbat. Why?
How To Light The Candles
The exact time when candles are lit varies each week depending on the time the sun sets.
Women traditionally light candles, but in liberal communities candle lighting can be done by any Jewish adult.
Candles may be lit, at the earliest, 1-1/4 hours before sunset, but the time is up to 18 minutes before sunset. If the time limit cannot be met, candles may be lit during the 18 minutes immediately preceding sunset.
At least two candles should be lit. These represent shamor and zakhor , the first words of the commandments concerning Shabbat . They also symbolize the unity underlying all apparent duality, such as man and woman, body and soul, speech and silence, creation and revelation.
It is permissible to light more than two candles. In fact, it is considered particularly meritorious to do so. This is implied in an interpretation of And God blessed the seventh day . With what did he bless it? Light.
Some people light an additional candle for each child in the family. Once youve lit a certain number, it is a custom never to decrease that number.
Students away from home should light candles for themselves, as they are no longer within the household of their parents.
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Answering The Questions For Rabbeinu Tam
Mitzvah Of Extending Shabbat
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The Significance Of Fire In Judaism
Fire is universally recognized as one of the basic elements of the world. It is mysterious, frightening, mesmerizing. Its attraction is almost irresistible. In the Kabbalah , the image of a multicolored flame emanating from a candle is taken as a metaphor for Gods relation to the world and man. The flame is a single entity, yet it appears to be undergoing constant change. The flame adheres to, relies on and appears to emanate from the candle, yet is a distinct and separate entity. The white interior of the flame is constant, but its exterior is always in motion and changes color.
Reducing fire to a few metaphors, however, robs it of its natural power and mystique. Fortunately the tradition, by incorporating the lighting of candles into the celebratory cycle in a number of different ways , left open the possibilities for recognizing the many potentialities of fire. It is for us to rediscover those potentialities and allow them to illumine our eyes.
On Friday night, one is required to light candles in the house for the sake of shalom bayit and oneg Shabbat . The candles ought to be in the room where the Sabbath meal is to be eaten.
Rosh Hashana 5782 Occurs On Tuesday Sep 7
What time shabbat starts in los angeles. 6:53pm on monday, sep 6. New york city, new york, usa. See shabbat times for your area.
The sabbath begins at nightfall on friday and lasts until nightfall on saturday. What time shabbat ends in jerusalem? The sabbath begins at nightfall on friday and lasts until nightfall on saturday.
Customize shabbat times in my city. 6:56pm on friday, aug 27. What time of each day does shabbat start and finish?
6:46pm on wednesday, sep 15. 810pm havdalah 72 min 17. Leil selichot occurs on saturday, aug 28.
This week’s torah portion is parashat ha’azinu. 6:43pm on friday, sep 17. When does shabbat end los angeles.
Leil selichot occurs on saturday, aug 28. Erev yom kippur occurs on wednesday, sep 15. Make sure to check your own communitys schedules.
The fast, which is observed for approximately 25 hours, starts at 6.46pm and ends on 7.45pm the. On the jewish lunisolar calendar, yom kippur begins on the ninth day of the month of tishrei and ends on the tenth day. Technically speaking, shabbat begins 18 minutes before sundown on friday and finishes an hour after sundown on saturdays.
To receive shabbat times for free every thursday, please enter your email address in the field below: The comprehensive guide to shabbos, including candle lighting times, divrei torah, and synangogue listings. In practical terms the sabbath starts a few minutes before sunset on friday and runs until an hour after sunset on saturday, so it lasts about 25 hours.
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Status As A Jewish Holy Day
The Tanakh and siddur describe Shabbat as having three purposes:
Judaism accords Shabbat the status of a joyous holy day. In many ways, Jewish law gives Shabbat the status of being the most important holy day in the Hebrew calendar:
- It is the first holy day mentioned in the Bible, and God was the first to observe it with the cessation of creation .
- Jewish liturgy treats Shabbat as a “bride” and “queen” some sources described it as a “king”.
- The Sefer Torah is read during the Torah reading which is part of the Shabbat morning services, with a longer reading than during the week. The Torah is read over a yearly cycle of 54 parashioth, one for each Shabbat . On Shabbat, the reading is divided into seven sections, more than on any other holy day, including Yom Kippur. Then, the Haftarah reading from the Hebrew prophets is read.
- A tradition states that the Jewish Messiah will come if every Jew properly observes two consecutive Shabbatoth.
- The punishment in ancient times for desecrating Shabbat is the most severe punishment in Jewish law.