How To Use The Planting Calendar
This planting calendar is a guide that tells you the best time to start planting your garden based on frost dates. Our planting calendar is customized to your nearest weather station in order to give you the most accurate information possible. Please note:
- The “Frost Dates” indicate the best planting dates based on your local average frost dates. Average frost dates are based on historical weather data and are the planting guideline used by most gardeners. Although frost dates are a good way to know approximately when to start gardening, always check a local forecast before planting outdoors!
- The “Plant Seedlings or Transplants” dates indicate the best time to plant young plants outdoors. This includes plants grown from seed indoors at home and small starter plants bought from a nursery.
- When no dates appear in the chart, that starting method is typically not recommended for that particular plant, although it likely still possible. See each plant’s individual Growing Guide for more specific planting information.
- The “Moon Dates” indicate the best planting dates based on your local frost dates and Moon phases. Planting by the Moon is considered a more traditional technique. We use Moon-favorable dates at the very start of the gardening season. It’s a little complex for a fall planting.
To plan your garden more accurately in the future, keep a record of your garden’s conditions each year, including frost dates and seed-starting dates!
Getting Started With Native Plants
Like us, birds need food, water, and shelter. By choosing locally native plants, you can transform any outdoor space into a bird sanctuary that also saves resources such as water and combats climate change. Use the steps below to create and maintain a bird-friendly habitat that brings colorful birds, sweet melodies, vibrant colors, and more of nature’s gifts close.
Select a site that’s practical to convert into a garden and allow room to expand. Things to consider:
- Do you have full sun? Partial sun? Shade? Is the soil rocky, loamy, sandy, clay, or gravel? Does it drain well? Is your site flat or hilly? Near water? What’s the elevation?
- Plants are sensitive to their environments. Learn what’s optimal from your local native plant society.
Plant in the spring or fall months and on cooler days.
- Follow planting instructions carefully and get tips on mulching around plants. Water only as needed when young plants are adapting to their new habitat.
Prepare your garden well to save headaches later.
- You may need to dig up lawn, remove pesky invasive plants, and add organic compost to the soil.
- An easy method is to lay down newspaper at least six sheets deep, with plenty of overlap wet it down cover it with 4 to 6 inches of mulch, and let it sit until you are ready to plant.
- Use deep edging to keep out lawn grass.
Plan for a variety of shapes, sizes, and kinds of plants to give vertical structure to your garden.
Steward your native plant garden with tender loving care.
These Could Harm Your Early Girl Tomatoes
- Deer, Rabbits, & Squirrels LOVE start to come out and become hungry in spring. One of the first plants they eat is tomatoes. Whether protected or unprotected pests pose a risk to growing early girl tomatoes in New York.
Wet & Rain:
- Too much rain and wetness can cause your Early Girl tomatoes to quickly become infected with fungus or other diseases that will cause the plant to die earlier than expected hindering the amount of tomatoes youll be able to harvest.
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Native Trees And Plants For New York
The best feature of your Empire State landscape just might be flowering trees like the Kwanzan Cherry Tree. This tree grows well in NY and offers you a spring-flowering tree that is large enough to also be a shade tree.
New Yorks state tree is the Sugar Maple. This spectacular forest tree is found throughout the state and is easily recognized by its distinctive gray bark and lobed leaves. In full maturity, most trees reach 70 to 90 feet in height.
However, if you’d like to grow plants and trees outside of New York’s native collection, you have several options with varieties that grow in pots .
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Selling Marijuana In New York
In the state of New York, it is illegal to sell or gift large amounts of cannabis. Penalties for selling cannabis in New York are as follows:
- Up to 3 ounces or 24 grams exchanged without payment = no penalty
- Up to 25 grams = $1000 maximum fine and up to 1 year in jail
- Between 25 grams to 4 ounces = $5000 maximum fine and up to 4 years in jail
- Between 4 ounces to 1 pound = $5000 maximum fine and up to 7 years in jail
- More than 1 pound = $15000 maximum fine and up to 15 years in jail
Using a child to assist in the sale, or selling cannabis to a minor has additional penalties.
Drug trafficking carries steep penalties in New York. Major trafficking is a felony that carries fines up to $100,000 and up to 15-25 years in prison. A major marijuana trafficker acts as the director of an organization where one or more of the following conditions exists:
- Completes $75,000 in cannabis sales within a year or less
- Collects over $75,000 is sales from marijuana over a 6-month period of less
- Possess cannabis with intent to sell more than $75,000 over the course of 6 months or less
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What Are The Top Plants For Your Upstate Ny Garden
When looking to fill your garden this spring, there are some things you should take into consideration when looking at the top plants for your garden. At Grasshopper Gardens we offer a wide range of the finest flowering plants to meet your expectations while giving your landscape a fresh breath of life and color. At Grasshopper Gardens, our nursery is filled with flowers we have grown right here in Upstate New York. That means we know they will flourish in your Upstate New York garden this spring.
Annual flowers are plants with a life cycle of one year, that means if you are planting annuals in your flower beds, they will need to be planted again every spring. One of the benefits of annual flowers are they tend to be more vibrant in color and last all season long with proper care. At Grasshopper Gardens we offer a wide variety right from our nursey which include:
- New Guinea Impatiens
Perennial flowers are plants that come back every spring. While the top portion of a perennial dies back in winter, new growth appears the following spring from the same root system. The great part about perennials is that they tend to be lower in maintenance commitment if properly planted, with the right amount of sun, water and nutrients. Blooms last any where between 4-6 weeks for blooming perennials. These make a great supplement to annual plants and flowerbeds. At Grasshopper Gardens we offer a wide variety right from our nursey which include:
- Black Eyed Susans
Changes In Ownership And Management
In early 1984, the Necochea Trust determined that the money going to the Plant was being mishandled and they sold the property to Stanley Jacox. Necochea died a year later at age 23. Jacox selected Jim Gaines as general manager Gaines was a Stax/Volt veteran and a past manager of the Automatt. The small rehearsal room that had been the Pit was turned into Studio C, first used by John Fogerty to record Centerfield. Some of the tracks for Aretha Franklin‘s Who’s Zoomin’ Who? were laid down at the Plant under the direction of Narada Michael Walden. Engineer Maureen Droney said that “there was an aura of magic and fun that came from the people who recorded there before.”
Accompanying famous artists, a series of experienced engineers and producers came through the Plant: Tom Dowd, Bill Schnee, Alan Parsons, Ron Nevison, Mike Clink and Ted Templeman. In 1985, with projects in progress by Heart, Journey, Starship and Huey Lewis, the studio was seized by government agents based on an affidavit accusing Jacox of manufacturing methamphetamines at his home in Auburn and investing drug money in the studio.
In March 2020, the Record Plant, Sausalito was purchased by a group of investors, spearheaded by Grammy-winner Ken Caillat producer of Fleetwood Macs Rumours at the Record Plant. On June 19th of 2021, the Record Plant Sausalitos soft launch, its name was officially changed to the Record Factory
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Why Grow Peppers In New York
- These low-maintenance vegetables love the heat. The hotter the summer the better they do. And the longer summer goes on the more peppers you will have.
Perfect for Vertical Gardening:
- Peppers are one of the vegetables you may not think of when it comes to vertical gardening, but they do just as great as others. This makes it perfect for small spaces and even in pots.
Fits in ALL Gardens:
- Regardless of whether you live in northern or southern New York peppers grow great in all types of gardens. I especially love growing them in raised garden beds and garden containers.
- If you have trouble with insects infecting your vegetables in New York then you should plant Peppers. This vegetable is one of the few in New York that you wont have to worry about insect infestation all year.
Why Grow Squash In New York
Thrives in the heat & cold:
- Squash is one of the most versatile vegetables. Some varieties can be grown in cold weather, some can be grown in warmer weather, and some are perfect to be grown in both types of weather.
Provides All-Summer Harvest:
- Squash is one of the few vegetables that you will be harvest from as early as May to as late as November if planted right. This means you will be able to enjoy or store it all year long.
- Squash may be the best vegetable on this list to help to cross-pollinate other vegetables. Plant squash next to tomatoes, beans, carrots, and cucumbers for even more vegetables.
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These Could Harm Your Green Beans
- Green Beans are one of the few vegetables that require constant insect control. Insects can quickly destroy your green beans leaves before flowers grow and can destroy the vegetable itself if not properly cared for.
- If the weather drops below 50 degrees Fahrenheit expect your green beans to not grow, become stunted, and potentially even die. This means you should grow your vegetable well after the last frost.
These Could Harm Your Roma Tomatoes
- Deer, Rabbits, & Squirrels LOVE Roma Tomatoes. If left unprotected these pests will eat your romas before it can even grow.
- Youll most likely find insects on your roma tomatoes in spring or fall when the weather is cool or wet. If you plant it in the shade where the soil is damp you should expect insects too.
- While rare in New York, extreme periods of rain or wetness will hurt your tomatoes. It can cause fungus that will affect the number of tomatoes that will grow and even can hinder your plants growth.
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Why Grow Lettuce In New York
- Lettuce thrives in New Yorks cold spring and cooler fall months. Unlike other vegetables, this plant can grow even when there is snow or frost on the ground.
- Lettuce may be the easiest vegetable to grow. You do not need to fertilize it, only need to water it once a week, and it can be planted in any soil.
Perfect for ANY Garden:
- Lettuce is perfect for urban gardening and even gardeners with little space. It is great in gardening containers, raised garden beds, and even indoors.
Harvested All Year:
- Lettuce can be harvested all year. The more you harvest lettuce the more it will grow.
How To Grow New York Ironweed
Ironweed can be grown from seeds or from a plant purchased from your local nursery.
If you choose to grow Ironweed from seeds, hear are some important guidelines you need to follow:
- Sow the seeds in the fall, planting them no deeper than 1/8th of an inch. They’ll begin to germinate sometime in the spring.
- If you want your Ironweed to develop additional resistance against cold, winter weather, sow your seeds in a pot. Again, be sure to plant them no deeper than 1/8th of an inch. Then, when the seedlings are two to three inches tall, transplant them into your garden.
- If you prefer to sow your seeds indoors, you can do so by utilizing your refrigerator. Plant your Ironweed seeds in flats, cover them with plastic wrap, and refrigerate for about three months. When the seedlings reach at least two inches tall, transplant them into your garden.
- Ironweeds are large plants, so space your seeds at least 12 inches apart, no matter your method of sowing.
If you choose to grow your Ironweed from a slightly mature plant or cuttings, be sure to space the plants at least 24 inches apart. Remember: They can grow three to four feet wide, so Ironweeds need plenty of space.
Whether you choose to plant Ironweed from seeds or a plant from a nursery, it’s important to choose the domesticated Ironweedwild Ironweeds can be aggressive and crowd out your smaller, domesticated plants. Additionally, it may be illegal to remove and replant a wild plant in your area.
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New York Planting Zones
New York is largely a humid continental climate but the southeastern area of the state has a humid subtropical climate. Across much of the state, winter temperatures dip well below freezing. However, along the Atlantic coast it can be warmer, even several degrees above freezing. Statewide summer conditions are seen from June through early September. But, the far southern parts of the state experience summer earlier and it continues through late-September. Thunderstorms and tropical cyclones are not uncommon during the summer months due to weather patterns coming down from Canada and the Great Lakes. Rainfall occurs across the state throughout the year, and the most precipiation occurs in the Great Lakes region. Lake-effect snow in central and western New York is common during winter.
Multiple vegetables and plants are able to survive in New York. Plant beans, carrots, cucumbers, beets, lettuce and more in your vegetable garden. Native plants will do very well and include smooth white beardtongue, Joe-pye weed, swamp milkweed, bluets, blue aster, nannyberry and many more.
Propagating New York Ironweed
New York Ironweed should be divided every three to four years to keep the plant healthy. To do so, carefully cut away dead parts of the crown and roots with a very sharp knife. Then, cut the leftover crowns and roots into pieces for replanting. When you replant them, be sure to leave at least 12 inches of space between each cutting.
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Why Grow Celebrity Tomatoes In New York
Disease & Insect Resistant:
- Celebrity Tomatoes are another type of tomato that is incredibly resistant to diseases and insects, making it perfect for beginner gardeners who want to try growing tomatoes for the first time.
Lots & Lots of Harvest:
- Celebrity Tomatoes are one type of tomato that produces some of highest yield out of all tomatoes. Best of all is that it doesn this all summer long.late fall.
Perfect for Small Gardens:
- Celebrity Tomatoes are considered compact plants. This means they are smaller bush plants that are perfect for small gardens, raised garden beds, and even in areas next to your house.
New York Perennials Youll Love
If you garden in New York, you probably already know that the growing conditions vary from one part of the state to another which may leave you wondering which perennials can be safely grown in your area.
The state of New York encompasses 5 USDA plant hardiness zones ranging from 3a to 7b which means perennials that thrive in zone 7b might not survive in the lower zones.
Consider these perennials for your New York perennial flower beds.
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Why Grow Green Beans In New York
Thrives in Droughts:
- Unlike other vegetables, Green Beans do not require a lot of water to grow, flower, and bloom into a crop that can be harvested more than once. This is great for the unusual dry summers.
Great for Vertical Gardening:
- If you want a vegetable that grows up a pole then no look further than the pole green beans. This green bean was created specifically for vertical gardening.
Are You Ready To Start Growing Yourself
If you’re ready to start growing and want to find out the best seedbanks that ship to the U.S.
The COVID outbreak has definitely turned things on its head and this includes the cannabis sector. It may have dealt a blow to a lot of business but when one door closes, another one opens. With the nation grappling with the economic impact of the coronavirus, the government is trying to tap into any revenue stream that it can and for some states, this is the marijuana industry.
In New York, the COVID situation fast-tracked the legalization of recreational cannabis. Last March, Gov. Andrew Cuomo signed The which legalizes recreational marijuana in his state. The legislation allows adult New Yorkers aged 21 and older to legally possess up to 3 ounces of weed and/or up to 24 grams of concentrates, and cultivate up to 6 plants per person or 12 per household. The new law also established procedures for the automatic review and expungement of low-level marijuana convictions.
The state, which is poised to become one of the biggest marijuana industries in the country, is expected to reinvest millions in taxes into minority communities severely impacted by the decades-long war on drugs.
There are also as many as 8 medical marijuana bills already lined up for this years session.
This article was reviewed and updated for 2021.
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