Can I Sue The Mta For Injuries Or A Family Members Death Sustained In An Mta Bus Accident In A Slip/trip And Fall In The New York City Subways Or In An Accident Involving The Lirr Or Metro
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New Yorkers know all too well how frustrating it can be when riding mass transit in New York City. But if you think an annoying delay is the worst thing that can happen, you couldnt be more wrong. In fact, countless people have been injured or even killed in accidents involving public transportation vehicles and subway stations over the years.
So, what happens when the negligent or reckless actions of a public employee or official puts everyone at risk, and you are injured or a loved one is killed, as a result? Can you sue the city or state of New York? What about the New York City Transit Authority or the Metropolitan Transportation Authority ?
The answer: Yes, you may be able to sue the government, including entities like the NYCTA and MTA, for personal injuries and wrongful death but there are often many hurdles.
What is sovereign immunity, and why does it matter?
Whether you are attempting to sue New York State, New York City, the NYCTA, the MTA or any other government agency, it is important to know about sovereign immunity. Essentially, sovereign immunity is a legal doctrine that prevents victims and their families from suing the government for negligence, unless the government has consented or otherwise waived their protection.
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Summary Of Wrongful Death Laws In New York
It’s important to know the details of a statute, but it’s also valuable to get an understanding of the law by using a helpful overview. Read the chart below for a summary of statutes that comprise New York’s wrongful death laws.
New York Consolidated Laws, Estates, Powers and Trusts Law:
New York Consolidated Laws, Public Authorities Law:
Q: What Are The Basics Of The Wrongful Death Lawsuit
A wrongful death claim may be filed if the person died as the result of the full or partial negligence or intentional behavior of the defendant. A surviving child, spouse, or a dependent is necessary who can make a claim to recover damages for the untimely loss of his or her loved one.
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Contact A Seasoned Wrongful Death Lawyer In Buffalo Today
If your loved one is killed in any sort of accident, you may have a claim for wrongful death. The only way to know for sure is to call and talk to a skilled wrongful death attorney in Buffalo. Call right away and schedule your free initial consultation. Sit down with someone who has your familys best interests at heart. They can answer any questions you may have. They can also give you an idea of what your claim may be worth. You need to focus on grieving with your family. Let our Buffalo wrongful death lawyers handle the legal side of things for you.
How Is Wrongful Death Defined In New York
New York law defines a “wrongful death” as one caused by “a wrongful act, neglect or default,” of a kind that the deceased person could have pursued with a personal injury lawsuit had he or she lived. .) Unlike in other types of personal injury lawsuits, in a wrongful death case the injured person is no longer able to bring the claim to court instead, another party must bring it on the deceased person’s behalf.
As with other kinds of personal injury cases, many different types of events can qualify as a “wrongful act, neglect or default,” including:
Note: In Endresz v. Friedberg, the New York Court of Appeals held that New York law does not recognize wrongful death claims when a fetus dies before birth, even if the death was caused by the wrongful act of another party. .)
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Youll Need Evidence Proving The Defendants Negligent Reckless Or Wrongful Breach Of Duty Led To The Death:
- Medical records like doctors notes, test results, prescription information, and hospital reports
- Physical evidence like clothing, surgical objects left in the body, or a smashed up vehicle
- Witness statements of anyone who saw or has first-hand knowledge of the accident
- Subpoenaed internal documents from a liable entity showing misconduct or negligence beyond reason
One of the more challenging parts of the claim to prove is that the death wouldnt have otherwise occurred had it not been for the defendants actions or inactions. For this reason, its crucial to choose a personal injury lawyer with particular experience in wrongful death and one who has the resources to secure expert witness testimony.
How A Lawyer Can Help You Pursue Your Wrongful Death Case
If you lost a loved one due to someone elses negligent or intentional act, you do not have to navigate the wrongful death claims process alone. At Ben Crump Law, PLLC, our lawyers will help you build your case and pursue just financial awards for your losses, and you do not owe us any fees unless we achieve compensation in your favor. Contact us today at to discuss your case with our legal team.
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Youll Need Evidence To Show Family Members Have Suffered Loss As A Result Of The Death:
- Pay stubs and tax returns that can help calculate the value of lost wages, income, and inheritance
- Copies of bills for medical treatments, funeral expenses, or burial plots
- Personal testimony from relatives regarding how the loss affected them personally
- Expert testimony from a forensic economist who can help estimate future losses
Unfortunately, you cannot collect compensation for your grief, anxiety, depression, or pain and suffering. You can, however, recover for the pain and suffering of the decedent with a survival cause of action if they lingered before succumbing to their injuries.
Losses for the family may include a general loss of companionship for the spouse and loss of guidance for the children, along with reasonable expenses for the funeral, burial, the loss of household services, and the loss of household income.
Workers Compensation Statute Of Limitations New York
For workers compensation claims, New Yorks time limits in the statute of limitations say the claim must be filed within two years. There are some specific factors that determine when the timeframe for your claim begins to run, though. The claim must be filed within two years of either the date of the injury, or the date of your last injury. Regardless of which date you use, whichever date is later will control when the statute of limitations expires.
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You Must Have Sustained A Serious Injury As Defined By New York State Law In New York Serious Injuries Include:
- Injury that prevents you from performing normal day-to-day tasks for at least 90 days in the first 180 days after the accident
- Loss of a fetus
- Permanent loss of use of a body system, function, organ, or member
- Permanent consequential limitation of use of a body organ or member
- Significant disfigurement
- Significant limitation of a body function of system
Its best to speak to an experienced New York car accident attorney to determine whether you qualify for pain and suffering damages, since there are complex rules to determine whether you might fit into one or more of the categories above.
Establishing Fault In A Wrongful Death Case
Family members must show several different elements of their wrongful death case, including:
- The defendant had a legal obligation to the deceased. People have a general legal obligation to avoid high-risk behaviors. For example, drivers must exercise reasonable caution and manufacturers have an obligation to ensure that their products are safe. Establishing a legal duty can be shown if there was a relationship, however tangential, between the deceased and the defendant.
- The obligation was breached. There is a negligence standard generally used to make this determination. How would a reasonable person have acted in a similar situation? If they would have been more careful, the defendant is considered to be negligent.
- The breach directly caused the death. Did the defendants actions lead to the death? If so, a wrongful death claim can be made.
- There is something for which you can be compensated. These costs include medical bills or pain and suffering. Wrongful death cases allow you to recover money for both economic and non-economic losses.
If you are bringing a wrongful death claim,you have the burden of proving each of these elements. To make a strong claim, you will need the services of a knowledgeable attorney to help gather the necessary evidence for your case.
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$1 Million Settled Before Trial : Pedestrian Hit
Our client was a retired, 67-year-old married man. He went to pick up pizza for dinner and was crossing the street when he was struck by a speeding vehicle. The defendant was driving his employers vehicle. Our client was in a coma from the time he was struck until he passed away a few days later. The case settled just before jury selection commenced. Attorneys Kenneth Bartlett, Marshall Richer and Managing Attorney Andrew Finkelstein successfully settled this case.
Reach Out To A Wrongful Death Attorney
A preponderance of evidence in support of your claim is required when suing for wrongful death. It is, therefore, crucial to seek legal counsel if you intend to instigate civil proceedings. An attorney well versed in New Yorks personal injury and insurance laws will work doggedly to get the compensation you deserve, and that justice is served for your loved one.
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Who Recovers The Compensation
Given this unique requirement for New York wrongful death claims, one would wonder who receives the money recovered in the claim. Although a personal representative of the decedent is the only legitimate party to be named in a wrongful death case, they are not necessarily the recipients of the damages. When an award is granted for wrongful death, the damages recovered are automatically added to the estate of the decedent. This, again, is because the claim is thought to be an indirect civil action by the deceased through their personal representative. Therefore, the damages recovered technically belong to the deceased, which is why they are added to his or her original assets.
Since one of the duties of the personal representative is to manage the financial affairs of the deceased, they will be expected to execute the wishes of the deceased concerning their estate, which now includes the money recovered from the claim. According to the will or trust in place, the compensation will be disbursed among the family members and beneficiaries named in the estate. If there was no established will or trust at the time of death, the family members and persons with an interest in the estate will have to go to probate court to have a judge disburse the estate, along with the recovered damages.
What Is Wrongful Death In New York
There are a number of legal issues that factor into proving a wrongful death lawsuit. First, a valid claim requires showing that the defendants negligence caused or contributed to the death.
Additionally, those negligent actions must be the basis for a legal action that could have been pursued had the death not occurred. Finally, one or more survivors must have suffered a loss due to the death, and there must be recoverable damages by the deceaseds estate.
What qualifies as a wrongful death lawsuit? A variety of circumstances can lead to a claim, including:
For more information or to discuss the particulars of your situation with an experienced wrongful death attorney, please contact Scaffidi & Associates today.
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What Must Be Shown In New York To Bring A Wrongful Death Claim
To file a wrongful death suit in New York, you must show that:
- The act, or negligence, would have entitled the injured person to file an action to recover damages had the death not occurred
- There are surviving distributees, children, or dependents of the victim and
- Monetary damages have resulted from the decedents death.
Q: When Do I Have To File The New York Wrongful Death Lawsuit
In every state there is a “statute of limitation,” which is a guideline for how long individuals have to file certain kinds of lawsuits. The timeline for filing a wrongful death claim typically begins following the death of the victim. The statute of limitation to file a wrongful death claim in New York is two years from the date of the fatality. There are often different provisions on these statutes of limitations which make specific exceptions that may alter the amount of time allowed to file a claim. The claim may be denied if not filed within this time frame, so it is imperative to file your claim as soon as possible.
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Possible Damages In Your Wrongful Death Lawsuit
Following a successful wrongful death case, the deceaseds estate is entitled to compensation arising from the loss. Damages are awarded as compensation and may include but are not limited to:
- The financial gap caused by the death of your loved one
- Medical and burial expenses
- Loss of inheritance caused by the wrongful death
- Pain and suffering experienced by your loved one before their death
- Loss of parental love and guidance
- Loss of consortium
The amount of damages due to the decedents estate depends on the circumstances that led to the wrongful death, the deceaseds present and future income, among other factors.
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Our New York City office is staffed with attorneys and support staff who will go the extra mile for the clients who depend on them. Theyve seen your situation before, and they can help you navigate through the process using their years of experience. Our team will:
Not All Law Firms Are the Same. Other firms will claim that theyre the right choice, but many havent seen the inside of the courtroom in years. When youre looking for an attorney to handle your case, youll want to look at their previous results to see if they can back up their claims. At Morgan & Morgan, our settlements and verdicts speak for themselves, as our attorneys have successfully recovered compensation thats exponentially more than the pre-trial offer. We know that if they wont settle, they can see us in court, and were always prepared for that scenario.
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Can Siblings Sue For Wrongful Death
Siblings can sue for wrongful death in many cases if their brother or sister passed away as a result of someone elses negligent or willful acts. However, laws regarding who can file claims vary from state to state, so whether or not they have a right to file a claim depends on where the decedent lived. Siblings may wish to file a wrongful death suit for a number of reasons, particularly if they received financial or emotional support from the decedent.
Claimants can file a wrongful death claim even if the defendant also faced criminal charges in separate court proceedings. Because wrongful death involves civil proceedings or a dispute between two individuals, they do not have a bearing on the defendants criminal charges and vice versa. Regardless of whether or not the court found the defendant guilty of their crimes, a sibling may still wish to pursue a wrongful death claim to seek compensation for their losses.
Ny Statute Of Limitations Personal Injury: How Does The Statute Of Limitations Work
When does the statute of limitations start? When does a statute of limitations begin? How does statute of limitations work? Generally, the statute begins as soon as the rights of the person suing have been violated. For a breach of contract, this would be the date the contract was violated. For a workers compensation claim, this would be the date of the work injury. Similarly, the statute of limitations on personal injury claims is also the date of injury. If this were a motor vehicle accident, the statute of limitations NY car accident would be the date when the collision occurred. Or, if this were a slip and fall, it would also be the date of the injury.
When does the statute of limitations end? How long does the statute of limitations last? Again, the statute of limitations runs the moment the violation starts and ends precisely on the last day when the statute of limitations expires.
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