What Factors Are Taken Into Account Regarding The Date Of Separation
The reason that the date of separation is not always clear is that sometimes it can be a gradual process with the parties remaining under the same roof.
The factors that determine separation can include:
- whether the parties slept together in the same room after the alleged date of separation
- whether the parties were financially dependent on one another
- whether the parties were performing domestic duties for each other such as cooking, washing cleaning
- whether any government departments, such as Centrelink or the ATO, were notified of the separation
- whether the parties continued to have a sexual relationship, and
- whether the separation was made public to family and friends.
What Forms Do I Need To File A Divorce In New York
All you need to file for a divorce is a Summons with Notice. This merely places your spouse on notice that you are commencing a divorce action and it briefly sets forth the ground upon which your action for divorce is based as well as the relief you are seeking.
A complaint is also required, which sets forth more details concerning the marriage and the ground for divorce alleged by you. The Complaint is typically filed with the Summons, but is not required. If not served with the Summons, it will need to be served at a later date.
Can I Date During My New York Divorce
The one question that comes up a lot is, Is it okay for me to date while my divorce is pending? If youre wondering the same thing, you have plenty of company. Logically, we are inclined to say, Its best not to date until the divorce is final, but thats not practical or realistic for a lot of people. If youre anxious to insert yourself back into the dating scene, youre probably wondering if its okay and if so, are there some rules to follow? In this article, we shed light on dating during a divorce and how to navigate it wisely.
Is it okay to date while your New York divorce is pending? While some states frown heavily upon dating during a divorce and some even consider it adultery, New York judges are rather progressive and dont typically care if a spouse is dating while their divorce is pending in the courts. If you do want to start dating again, our advice is to make sure youre physically separated first and no longer living together. If you still live under the same roof, you should hold off on dating until one of you moves out.
Don’t Miss: Can I Register A Car With A Permit In Ny
Does Dating With A Woman While You Are Separated Considered As Adultery
- Posted on Jul 30, 2013
If you are having sexual relations with someone other than your spouse while married it is adultery, a B misdemeanor in NYS. You won’t be prosecuted, though, and it theoretically could be a ground for divorce, but virtually never is for a number of reasons, and frankly, you are probably the only one who cares that you are doing it.
If you found this “helpful” or “best answer,” please click it with my appreciation.My response is for educational purposes and does not constitute legal advice nor creates an attorney client relationship which requires all the details and a personal conference.
How Long Does It Take To Get A Divorce In New York
There is no way to provide an answer to this question until you are actually involved in the case and have a better idea of the issues that exist and remain to be resolved. Because divorce deals with human emotions and matters of the family which often are of greatest significance in a persons life, cases can sometimes take a long time to resolve. I have also seen cases resolve in a few months. It is really case specific.
Also Check: Changing Your Name In Nys
Are Separation Agreements Always Valid
Generally, separation agreements are presumed to be valid, but there are some circumstances in which either you or your spouse may challenge it. If you did not retain separate attorneys, for example, the court will likely examine your separation agreement very closely to see if there is any unfairness that would render it unenforceable. If a spouse engaged in fraud by failing to disclose assets or by hiding assets, or used pressure and coercion to get the separation agreement signed, this would also invalidate a separation agreement.
Do I Need A Lawyer What If I Can’t Afford One
It is better to have a lawyer if at all possible. If you are filing for an uncontested divorce and you believe your spouse will not disagree with anything, then you may want to file without the help of a lawyer by using the uncontested divorce do-it-yourself program available on the NY State Courts website.
If you are asking for custody, child support, spousal support, or to divide up marital property or marital debt, you may want to hire a lawyer because these issues get quite complicated. Also, it is important for you to find out if your spouse has a pension, retirement account, insurance or other significant property before you decide whether to file for divorce. If you do not ask for such things in the divorce, you will give them up forever. Note: If the only contested issues involve custody or visitation of the children and there are no other financial issues or division of property, you might want to deal with custody and child support in family court before you file for divorce. Those family court orders could then be incorporated into the divorce. This may make the divorce uncontested and easier to handle.
If you are low-income, you can get an attorney appointed for you in the divorce but only to handle the custody and visitation portion of the divorce action, not the division of property or support portions. .1
Don’t Miss: How Much Are Tolls From Baltimore To Nyc
How Does An Annulment Affect The Legal Rights And Responsibilities Of The Partners
Once a marriage is annulled, it is considered void. While all records remain of the marriage, the couple may consider themselves as never married.
Although an annulment voids the marriage, it does not affect the legitimacy of the children or the couples responsibility to them. When there are minor children involved, child custody and support are factors that still must be dealt with in an annulment. The court can order child support, custody, and visitation, similar to a divorce.
Likewise, if assets and property were acquired by the couple during the marriage, equitable distribution will still be a factor. The court may intervene in the distribution of marital property and may also order spousal maintenance in certain circumstances.
What Is An Uncontested Divorce
An uncontested divorce is one where you do not expect your spouse to disagree with any aspect of the divorce or when your spouse does not respond to the court papers served on him/her. In cases of uncontested divorce, you may represent yourself, but a lawyer might still be helpful, especially if your spouse has one.
To get an uncontested divorce, you generally have to file documents with the court. You and your spouse generally do not have to make an appearance in court.
Read Also: New York Public Record
Why Would You Get A Legal Separation Instead Of A Divorce
There are a lot of reasons why a couple might choose legal separation over divorce, many of the reasons being deeply personal. For instance, you and your spouse might choose to remain married if your religion forbids divorce, or if youre not 100% sure you wont reconcile.
The most common reasons, however, tend to be financial. For instance, when a couple remains married, they also remain eligible for health insurance through each others work.
Its also possible that a couple decides they want to formally split, but its just not a good time to fill out all of those New York divorce papers. If you know anything about how to file for divorce in New York, then you know that theres more to it than just coming up with a divorce agreement.
Now, what legal separation wont do for you is bypass required delays, because there is no New York divorce law waiting period in the first place.
You also wont need to choose legal separation simply because your spouse doesnt want to divorce you, because you can get a divorce in NY without your spouses signature.
One piece of good news: if you initially opted for legal separation but later decide to end your marriage, youre eligible for whats called a conversion divorce, which is the easiest uncontested divorce process out there.
How To Create A Valid Separation Agreement In New York
The process of creating a valid separation agreement begins with both spouses providing full and complete financial disclosure. Married spouses have a fiduciary obligation to be truthful and honest when entering into an agreement to separate if they dont provide full and complete financial information, then the agreement can be invalidated at a later date.
Believing it will save time or money, some divorcing couples in New York attempt to create their own agreement without professional assistance. In New York, a separation agreement must be executed with the same formality required for a deed to be recorded, which includes having a notary sign an acknowledgment.
Depending on the terms of your separation agreement, if at some point you decide to reconcile, only to discover that your relationship is not improving, it is important to know that temporary reconciliation could invalidate a separation agreement. An experienced family law attorney will provide a reconciliation provision, which would supersede the common law that otherwise would terminate a separation agreement in the event of reconciliation.
One North Lexington Avenue, 15th Floor White Plains, New York 10601 Map/Directions
We serve clients in the Counties of Westchester, Putnam, Dutchess, Nassau, Rockland, and New York.
Don’t Miss: Ez Pass Toll Calculator Ny
Filing A Summons And Complaint For Judgment Of Separation
Do You Have A Legal Separation Agreement
The separation agreement is a legal document that changes the legal relationship between spouses. It is generally understood that spouses that are legally separated and living separate and apart from one another will begin to move on with their lives, which often includes new dating relationships. If you and your spouse have a separation agreement in place, there is likely an understanding that dating will eventually occur at some point. The separation agreement can set forth certain guidelines about when dating can begin and when and whether new partners can be introduced to the children.
Don’t Miss: How To Get An Adderall Prescription Nyc
Can I Get An Annulment In New York
New York allows for the annulment of a marriage where:
- the former spouse of one of the spouses is still alive and the prior marriage is still in force
- one or both parties to the marriage had not attained the age of legal consent
- one of the parties was a mentally retarded person, or a mentally ill person
- one of the parties was physically incapable of entering into the marriage
- consent to the marriage was obtained by force, duress or fraud or
- one of the parties has been incurably mentally ill for five or more years.
You should speak with an attorney on this issue as the specifics of who can maintain an action for annulment on these grounds and the time periods applicable to each ground are too involved to set forth here.
Reasons Why Couples May Get A Legal Separation
Upon the introduction of no-fault grounds for divorce, a Separation Agreement has lost much of its impact except for those, who for moral, religious or other reasons are opposed to divorce, but are in a position where continuing to live and reside together is neither appropriate nor beneficial. While these parties may remain legally married, they qualify and quantify the terms, conditions and mutual obligations by which they intend to self-govern their on-going relationship. These parties may then negotiate and choose to live apart as husband and wife pursuant to the terms of their written agreement. This agreement, too, is a Separation Agreement. A binding contract if fairly negotiated and properly executed.
Some couples may decide to enter into a legal separation rather than getting a divorce if they have hopes of reconciliation and do not want to end their marriage. Other couples may enter into a separation agreement in order to allow one spouse to remain on the other spouses health insurance policy which may save both parties money long term.
Recommended Reading: New York Llc Name Change
Dividing Property In A Marriage
Usually, you divide equally the value of any property you bought during a marriage. You also divide equally any increase in the value of property you brought into the marriage. There are some exceptions.
You and your spouse may agree to a different way of dividing property.
The courts may decide to divide your property unevenly. For example, the spouse with the larger share of family property may owe the other spouse some money.
Proving Grounds For Legal Separation
In order to prove the grounds for a legal separation, you must go through the same processes of proof as you would in a case for an absolute divorce. The courts give the same serious weight to a legal separation as they do to absolute divorces.
This ground is not used often. It involves a judgment of separation signed by a Judge or Referee of the Supreme Court. To maintain a divorce action the parties are required to live separate and apart and satisfy the terms of the judgment for more than one year after the judgment was granted.
Also Check: Pay Parking Tickets Nyc Online
Grounds For Legal Separation
Many people who, for personal or religious reasons, do not wish to obtain a full divorce can get a “limited divorce” instead. New York has no legal separation. A “Limited Divorce” in New York is similar to what is called a “Legal Separation” on other states. Limited divorces are very much like an absolute divorce with the major difference being that the parties cannot remarry. You are, in effect, still legally married at the same time that you are legally separated.
In order to obtain a limited divorce in New York, you must meet residency requirements, grounds, and other legally prescribed laws just as you have to in a case for absolute divorce. Limited divorces can also can involve property settlements, alimony, and child support and custody.
The grounds for obtaining a limited divorce in New York are cruelty or excessively vicious conduct to complainant or minor child desertion and voluntary separation beyond any reasonable expectation of reconciliation. The court may require that the parties participate in reconciliation efforts.
The New York courts may grant a limited divorce even though you are seeking an absolute divorce. The courts also may decree these divorces forever or for a limited time only. And finally, New York’s limited divorces may be revoked by the courts at any time upon the joint applications of the parties to be discharged. In such cases, you return to the state of being legally married.
When Is Separation Beneficial
It is not uncommon for spouses to continue to live together through the separation process. Childcare requirements, housing needs, and financial realities may make it difficult for either party to move out. It is also not advisable for either party to leave before the issues surrounding separation have been negotiated. The party who moves out gives up the status quo by doing so, and can then have greater difficulty making certain claims, such as for exclusive possession of the matrimonial home or custody of the children.
In addition, if one spouse is awarded support, that order can be retroactive to the date of separation. If the spouse who would be the support payor has moved out and has not been supporting the other spouse during the separation period, they may owe retroactive support for that time.
Recommended Reading: How To Pay Tickets Online Ny
Dos And Dont’s Of Marital Separation
I applaud all those who try to repair their marriages. Getting divorced is a tremendous amount to handle legally, financially, socially, and emotionally, and it isnt something to take on unless youre absolutely sure there are no other viable options. But while youre working on your marriage, should you physically separate?
Physically separating can certainly give each spouse time and space to decide whether the marriage can or should be saved.
Whatever the reasons for your time apart, my concern as a divorce financial advisor is that any separation for more than a few months can put you in a very vulnerable situation financially. To protect yourself, I urge you to follow these dos and donts.
If you are considering a separation for more than a few months, you need to:
Among other things, the agreement should cover:
- liability for debts incurred during the separation
- how you will divide marital assets, including access to liquid assets to pay bills
- child and/or spousal support
- division of retirement savings
- a waiver of inheritance, if you wish to give up claims to each others estates.
In addition, it can serve other purposes. For example, you may have religious reasons not to divorce, or you may be mindful of the timing of a divorce as it affects taxes, Social Security and/or military benefits, health insurance coverage, or other financial matters.
- Dont overshare on social media. Separation is a time for absolute discretion on