New York Homeschooling Requirements
Homeschooling is regulated at the state level and changes may be made to the relevant statutes at any time. Always consult the actual state code for the most up to date and accurate legal information with regard to homeschooling. Also keep in mind that interpretations of the codewhether provided by school districts or homeschool groupscan be helpful, but may or may not be an accurate reflection of the law. Always combine interpretations with your own reading of the statute itself.
New York Traditional Public Schools
Most children in New York attend traditional public schools. Traditional public schools are free to attend, open to all students, operated by school districts, and funded by taxpayers like you. Each year, New York spends an average of $25,139 per public school student. You can search your schools spending and that of nearby schools at Project Nickel.
In New York, each district decides whether it will participate in open enrollment. Open enrollment is a valuable choice that refers to whether parents can send their children to any public school, regardless of where it is located or what their zip code is. If you would like to participate in open enrollment, check with your local school district to see if this is available. If so, you can visit and select from a wider array of public schools. Public schools have different environments and mission statements, and one may be a better fit for your child than another.
You may also want to visit the New York Department of Education website, learn about New York Citys non-resident enrollment policies, or check out our profile of one sixth-grader at a traditional public school in Buffalo, New York.
Homeschool In Ny Requirements: Letter Of Intent
This is the letter that informs your local school district of your intention to homeschool your soon-to-be first grader. By July 1st of the academic year that your child turns/will turn 6-years old, you must submit a letter to your school district letting them know that you plan to homeschool. This letter can be a simple three-sentence letter. No overthinking required. Desist from thinking too hard about what youll write.P.S. If you are in NYC, the New York City Board of Education provides a template here. If you are not in NYC, you may consider using this sample to write your Letter of Intent.
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New York Homeschool Graduation Requirements
New York is one of only a handful of states that require homeschool graduates to provide proof that they have completed their high school education. While most colleges in the U.S. will accept a diploma provided by a homeschool, New York colleges and universities will not. The most popular ways that homeschool students wishing to enter a state college show their eligibility are:
New York homeschool law also requires that all homeschooling high school students take specific courses to complete their education. These courses include:
- 3 units of high school electives
Parents of homeschoolers should keep accurate records of all coursework taken throughout the high school career. This will help you as you create your students high school transcript.
Returning To Public School After Homeschooling
If your homeschooling adventure comes to an end for any reason, you will need to know how to transfer from homeschool to public school. The first thing to do is to register with the public school your child will be attending. You may provide any records you wish to the school to help them better understand what level your child is working at, but ultimately it is the school principal who will determine what grade level to place your child into when he or she returns. It is also up to the individual schools to determine if your assessments and standardized tests are acceptable or if they will require your child to take additional placement testing upon registration.
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Free New York Unit Study
Welcome to Notebooking Across the USA, a series of unit studies covering each state in the U.S. in order of admission to the union. You can find the landing page for this series with links to each states unit study as they are published, along with tips, suggestions, and recommended resources for this series here: Notebooking Across the USA. These unit studies are written with homeschool students grades 3-8 in mind.
The most recommended resource for this series is the USA State Study Notebooking Bundle, and while I believe it will be very helpful if you will be studying all of the states, it is not required. If you do wish to purchase the pack, use this link and the code benandmeUSA for a 25% discount.
New York Charter Schools
You can also choose from charter schools. These are another type of tuition-free, public school open to all students. Charter schools are distinct from traditional public schools in that they have extra freedom to innovate and determine their own policies. As one New York City charter school parent described, There is a tremendous amount of variety among charter schools Shop around to find the school that is the best fit for your childs learning needs.
As they innovate, charter schools can share the fruits of their innovation with traditional classrooms. In New York, charters are accountable to authorizing entities for student achievement. If there are more families seeking admittance to a charter school than there are seats, a lottery system is usually used to determine admittance.
New Yorks first charter school opened in 1999 in Harlem. Today, there are more than 300 charter schools across the state, with many of these located in New York City. Learn more about these options at the Northeast Charter Schools Network. If youre in the Buffalo area, you can apply to multiple charter schools at one time at Enroll Buffalo Charters.
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Homeschool Field Trips In New York
If you are thinking that homeschool means staying in and studying all the time, think again! In fact, because of their flexible schedule, homeschoolers usually have many more opportunities than traditional schoolers to get out and explore their community and their world. Homeschooling in such a vibrant state as NY means you have driveable access to many destinations that you can visit together as a family, and almost any outing can be turned into a learning activity. In addition to field trip options, your state and local homeschool associations and support groups will probably plan workshops, service opportunities, athletic events, and more throughout the year. Plus, dont forget to explore all the enrichment classes offered to students in your area. Please make sure to contact each site before you plan your visit, as COVID-19 may have impacted their hours of operations. Learn more: Homeschool Field Trips in New York
New York Homeschool Associations
Almost every state has at least one statewide organization designed to support home educators, and, currently, there are two New York state homeschooling associations. While every statewide homeschool association will have different goals, they will all certainly have in common the desire to provide support, guidance, and information to homeschoolers in their state. Homeschool associations are valuable for any stage of homeschooling, but they can be especially helpful to families just getting started. More info: New York Homeschool Associations
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Homeschooling In New York State
- B.A., English Literature, McGill University
In New York, you will find homeschoolers from all backgrounds and philosophies. Homeschooling may not be as popular as in some other parts of the country — perhaps because of the large number of select private schools and well-funded public school systems.
Homeschoolers themselves run the gamut from the deeply religious to those who choose to teach their own children in order to take advantage of all the learning resources the state has to offer.
According to the New York State Education Department , the 2012-2013 numbers for homeschooled children in the state between the ages of 6 and 16 outside New York City totaled more than 18,000. An article in New York Magazine put the number of New York City homeschoolers for roughly the same period at nearly 3,000.
Arts Crafts And Cooking
Here are a few ideas to get you started as you learn about arts and crafts in New York:
Make your own stained glass
Build a bridge to honor the design of Brooklyn and other magnificent bridges in New York City
Make a torch like the one the Statue of Liberty holds
Choose one of these Van Gogh art lessons to do
According to the American Century Cookbook, the first Waldorf Salad was created in New York City in 1893, by Oscar Tschirky, the maître dhôtel of the Waldorf Astoria. Make this simple Waldorf Salad recipe with your students.
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How To Homeschool Legally In Your State
** Please note that this information was taken from each states DOE website page. We have found that some states have laws at the state level that are not enforced or are enforced differently at the local level.
New York Homeschool Requirements
What are the requirements for homeschooling in New York? When compared with other states, New York has a significant number of requirements. For example, New York specifies that students be homeschooled for a minimum of 180 days within a school year spanning from July 1 to June 30.
According to New Yorks homeschool law , homeschoolers also have to follow specific requirements for curriculum :
- Elementary School : arithmetic, reading, spelling, writing, the English language, geography, United States history, science, health education, music, visual arts, physical education, bilingual education and/or English as a second language where the need is indicated.
- Middle School : English history and geography science mathematics physical education health education art music practical arts and library skills . The units required herein are cumulative requirements for both grades seven and eight.
- High School : English social studies , which includes one unit of American history, one-half unit in participation in government, and one- half unit of economics mathematics science art and/or music health education physical education and three units of electives. The units required herein are cumulative requirements for grades 9 through 12.
To provide evidence of compliance with New York State homeschool regulations, paperwork must be filed throughout the school year according to dates specified on the IHIP:
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New York Homeschooling Laws
How does homeschooling work in New York? Simple. Homeschoolers and public school students alike are required to receive instruction from ages 6-16. The New York Department of Education governs the subjects to be taught in your homeschool .
While the steps to homeschooling in the Empire State are simple, this is a highly regulated state and the DOE has clear guidelines on how to properly homeschool in NY. Learn more about the New York Homeschooling Laws here.
Ny Homeschool Laws And Requirements
Many New York homeschool rules in place to make sure the school year is successful for both students and parents alike. Youll need to meet the state education departments requirements for the school year. This includes attendance, classroom hours, subjects, quarterly reports, annual assessment achievement tests, and more. Lets take a look at some of these in more detail, so you have an idea of the New York State requirements.
Compulsory attendance All students, no matter what school district, must attend school full time between the ages of six to sixteen years of age, whether homeschool or public school. They are minors and still of compulsory age.
Classroom hours The length of instruction varies by age. Half-day kindergarten is a minimum of 2.5 hours. While a full-day kindergarten through sixth is a minimum of 5. and seventh through 12th is a minimum of 5.5.
The school year must consist of at least be 180 days of instruction, depending on grade level. The NY homeschool laws may have exceptions to the amount per day, but they needed to be provided.
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Online Curriculum For Homeschool Afterschool And Summer Use
In addition to being an award-winning choice for homeschool families, Time4Learning also offers an online after school program to help build your childs skills. View our lesson demos and discover why thousands of New York families are already using it!
Give your student the chance to get back on track or explore exciting electives and get ahead for the next school year with Time4Learnings online summer school. Our educational materials will engage and challenge your child to succeed.
New York Homeschool State Laws
New York Homeschool Law/State Code Parents of, or persons in parental relation to, compulsory school age children have the legal right to instruct their children at home. If a child is being educated at home, the local school district must be assured that the child is receiving instruction in certain required courses/subjects.
. Students enrolled in non-public schools or home instruction are exempt from the compulsory attendance requirement. . Visit state laws at: .
Compulsory Attendance RequirementIn each school district of the state, each minor from six to sixteen years of age shall attend full time instruction.
Number of Classroom Hours Required Except as otherwise provided by law, no board of education or community board in the city school district of the city of New York shall provide for a school year consisting of fewer than one hundred eighty days of school .
State Mandated Subjects Subject requirements vary by grade, as follows:
ALL GRADES K to 12: Patriotism and citizenship About substance abuse Traffic safety Fire safety PLUS U.S. and New York history and constitutions must be taught at least once before grade 9.
GRADES 1 to 6: Arithmetic, Reading, Spelling, Writing, English, Geography, U.S. History, Science, Health, Music, Visual Arts and Physical Education
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How To Build The Best Homeschool Curriculum For Prek
Homeschool curriculum choices have expanded over the last decade. Parents have much more to choose from than typical textbooks, workbooks, and other traditional schooling methods. Online courses, interactive videos, personal computers, laptops, and tablet devices provide exciting and engaging materials for children to experience. But all of these new methods often confuse parents, especially those who are new homeschoolers. Eventually, parents come to realize that mixing different tools and activities usually keeps their children stimulated and eager to learn. For more information, review How to Build the Best Homeschool Curriculum for PreK-12.
Museum Resources & Other Programs For Homeschooling Families
In addition to homeschooling organizations in NYC, several cultural institutions in New York City provide resources specifically designed for homeschoolers, or that are accessible to the homeschool community.
Courses for Teens at the American Museum of Natural HistoryCentral Park West & 79th StreetThe American Museum of Natural History offers various ways for NYC high school students to learn from the museum community. Their programs for teens include paid internships, a range of hands-on science courses, and research opportunities like The Brown Scholars program, a 2-year intensive course focused on the intersection of computer science and science for high school girls.
The Intrepid Sea, Air & Space Museum offers Homeschool Days.
College NowCollege Now is a FREE college transition program for NYC DOE high school students. It is a partnership between 17 CUNY undergraduate colleges and the NYC DOE. High school students can become college ready before graduating from high school by earning college credits, learning about college and the career process through campus visits, seminars, and workshops.
Liberty Science Center Home School Workshop ProgramsLiberty State Park, Jersey City, NJRight across the river, the Liberty Science Center offers half-day workshops for homeschool students ages 4-14 that supplement a science curriculum with inquiry-based, hands-on exploration of topics ranging from biology to natural science to archaeology.
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Ny Homeschool Laws And Requirements For Parents
2020 showed us all that remote learning is possible, and you may be considering homeschooling your children full time. You can still take advantage of a lot of online resources from schools when doing so. After all, there is a lot of information already out there! However, it may be overwhelming. We have broken down some NY homeschool laws you should keep in mind if you are looking to pursue New York homeschooling. We will explore some of those below, broken down by section, so you know what to expect.
New York Homeschool Laws
- Submit the LOI by July 1 .
- Within 10 days of receiving the LOI, the district will send an IHIP form for parents to complete.
- Parents then have 4 weeks to complete and submit the IHIP using the district’s form or their own form.
- Within 10 business days or by August 31, the district will notify parents if the IHIP complies with all requirements.
Letter of IntentIndividualized Home Instruction Plan
- Name, age, grade level of homeschooled child/children
- List of syllabi, curriculum materials, and plan of instruction
- Dates for submission of quarterly reports and final assessment
- Name of individual providing instruction
- A statement that your child will be receiving a full-time instructional program
Instructional Requirements by Grade LevelRequired subjects for grades 1-6:
Required subjects for grades K-12:
- Patriotism and citizenship
- Health education regarding alcohol, drug and tobacco misuse
- Highway safety and traffic regulation, including bicycle safety
- Fire and arson prevention and safety
- Number of hours of instruction
- Description of the material covered in each subject listed in the IHIP
- A grade for the child in each subject or a written narrative evaluating the child’s progress
- If less than eighty percent of the amount of the course materials as set forth in the IHIP planned for that quarter has been covered in any subject, a written explanation should be provided
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