How To Get A Marriage Annulment In Nyc
The filing process for an annulment is similar to that of a divorce. The process for an annulment in New York starts when the impacted spouse files a Summons and Verified Complaint with the County Clerk in New York City. This document lets the Court know that you wish to seek a marriage annulment. The person that files this document is the Plaintiff. After you file your complaint, the County Clerk will give you an index number. Upon obtaining the index number, you must serve the papers to your spouse, who will be designated as the defendant in your NYC Marriage Annulment lawsuit. The Defendant might contest the annulment by filing an answer to your complaint. Or, the Defendant might sign an Affidavit agreeing to the annulment. If the annulment is contested, the case will take longer because it will have to be heard in Court.
Supporting Documentation For A Sealing Application
When the Certificate of Disposition arrives from the court, the Sealing Application must be signed in the presence of a notary public. All evidence in support of the request for sealing should be attached, such as verification of employment, letters of recommendation from teachers/professors, or certificates of successful completion of a drug/alcohol treatment program.
What Is The Effect Of An Annulment
Once the judge issues an annulment, your marriage is immediately considered void, as if you were never married.
If you and your spouse had children together, your children are still considered “legitimate” after an annulment. This means that the father continues to be the father unless it’s proven that someone else is the father.
In an annulment proceeding, the judge can make decisions about child custody and child support and can also award alimony, if appropriate. However, the judge can’t enter orders about the “equitable distribution of property” in an annulment proceeding. Instead, the method for distributing property in annulment proceedings depends on title to the property. Things that are titled to you remain yours things titled to your spouse remain your spouse’s. If you and your spouse hold joint title to any property, it is divided equally.
Recommended Reading: How To Submit Poetry To New York Times Magazine
What Is An Annulment In New York
From a legal perspective, an annulment is a procedure that effectively cancels a marriage. While a divorce ends a valid marriage, an annulment essentially erases it and makes it void.
There are two different types of annulments in New York. One, a void marriage, is where the marriage was not valid in the first place. The other, a voidable marriage, erases a legally valid marriage. In both cases, it is as if the marriage never existed, and both partners can consider themselves never legally married.
While a void marriage is one that was never legal in New York to begin with and is automatically void under state laws, a voidable marriage requires grounds for annulment. In New York, there are five grounds for annulment:
- At least one of the parties was under the age of 18 at the time of the marriage and the appropriate parental or judicial consent was not obtained.
- One spouse could not consent to marriage because of a mental incapacity.
- One spouse suffered from an incurable mental illness for a period of five years
- Consent for marriage was obtained through coercion, force, duress, or fraud
- One spouse lacked the physical capacity to consummate the marriage. This must have been discovered after the marriage took place. Annulment in this case is only an option within the first five years of marriage.
Consequently, grounds for an annulment due to non-consummation is more nuanced than many often believe.
Can You Get An Annulment If You Dont Consummate The Marriage
In the context of marriage and family law, entering into a sexual relationship, usually the first sexual act after the marriage, is referred to as consummating the marriage. While consummating a marriage may be relevant in some states, religions, and circumstances, under New York law, there is no legal requirement for a couple to consummate their marriage in order to make it legally valid. Consequently, under New York civil law, an individual may not obtain an annulment if the marriage was not consummated unless under very specific circumstances.
If you are considering an annulment, it is important to understand the requirements under the law. Getting the guidance of an experienced New York annulment attorney is essential so you understand if you qualify for an annulment and what your responsibilities are.
Also Check: Delete New York Times Account
New York Annulment And Prohibited Marriage Laws
Created by FindLaw’s team of legal writers and editors
States have their own laws regarding annulment and the various types of marriages that are prohibited . New York annulment and prohibited marriage laws govern the grounds for annulment , time limits for obtaining an annulment, and the various scenarios in which a marriage would not be recognized by the state.
New York Separation Agreements
A is a detailed contract which should be prepared by attorneys, where the parties agree to live separate for the rest of their lives. It should set forth the respective rights and duties of husband and wife with respect to the custody and access to children, support payments, distribution of property, and all other matters pertaining to the marital relationship. The same attorney is absolutely prohibited from representing both spouses no matter how “friendly” the matter may appear on the surface.
Certain vital formalities must be carefully followed, or the written agreement will not qualify as a ground for divorce. Here, the skill and experience of the attorneys for the husband and wife are uniquely valuable in helping them reach an agreement which will be fair, just and reasonable to both parties and their children.
The agreement or a memorandum of the agreement is filed with the clerk of the county where either spouse lives. At the end of one year from the date of the agreement, either spouse may sue the other for a “no-fault divorce.
All that must be proven to the court is that the agreement was duly executed and acknowledged and was properly filed that the spouses have in fact lived apart during the period of the agreement up to the time of the divorce action and that the plaintiff has substantially complied with the terms of the separation agreement. The court will grant a divorce based on that proof.
Recommended Reading: Wax Museum Nyc Times Square
What Are The Grounds For An Annulment
New York recognizes five grounds for annulment:
- one or both spouses were under age 18 at the time of the marriage
- one or both spouses were unable to consent to the marriage due to mental incapacity
- either spouse is physically unable to have sexual intercourse
- either spouse was incurably mentally ill for at least five years, or
- either spouse obtained marriage consent by duress, coercion, or fraud.
What Is Equitable Distribution Of Marital Property
The term equitable distribution means the property will be distributed fairly between the two spouses. To determine the fairness of distribution during the legal separation, the court will take into account the following factors:
- how long did the marriage last
- each partners conduct during the marriage
- the spouses health and age
- the spouses occupations and incomes
- the education, training, and skills of each spouse
- the spouses estate and liabilities
- the spouses likely financial needs
- the spouses ability to acquire assets and income in the future.
The court will also take into consideration whether the divorcing couple has children.
Recommended Reading: Can I Register A Car Online In New York
How To Get A Divorce In Ny
How does one obtain a divorce, separation decree or annulment in New York State? First of all, grounds or valid reasons prescribed by law must exist and be proven to the court, even if both parties agree that the marriage relationship should be altered.
Unlike most states, New York will not grant a divorce for incompatibility,irreconcilable differences, or for a dead marriage. We do not have a no-fault divorce in New York State, except where the parties have been separated through a separation decree or agreement for longer than one year and the party seeking the divorce has substantially complied with the terms of the separation.
Recommended Reading: Is New York Times Democratic
At Any Time Can A Parent Change A Minor Childs Last Name Without The Other Parents Permission During A Divorce In Ny
Generally, when a request is being made to change the name of a minor child, notice is required to be given to the parents.
Under New York Law, notice of the time and place when and where the petition will be presented must be served, in like manner as a notice of motion upon an attorney in an action, upon both parents of the infant, if they be living, unless the petition be made by one of the parents, in which case notice must be served upon the other, if he or she be living, and the general guardian or guardian of the person, if there be one.
But if any of the persons, required to be given notice by this section, reside without the state, then the notice required by this section must be sent by registered mail to the last known address of the person to be served.
If it appears to the satisfaction of the court that a person required to be given notice by this section cannot be located with due diligence within the state, and that such person has no known address without the state, then the court may dispense with notice or require notice to be given to such persons and in such manner as the court thinks proper.
Also Check: How To Delete New York Times Account
What Are The Grounds For Annulment In New York
Under New York state law , you must meet one of several criteria to obtain an annulment. While New York allows couples to seek a no-fault divorce on the grounds that they have irreconcilable differences, couples can only obtain an annulment if they meet certain grounds. More specifically, to get your marriage annulled on Long Island, you must be able to prove one of the following:
Why You Need An Annulment Attorney In New York
Annulments in New York are generally more difficult to obtain than a divorce or legal separation because you have to prove that your marriage was void or never valid. If you want to file for an annulment in New York City, you must have a hearing. During the hearing, you must prove that the marriage was invalid. This requires proper documentation that an attorney would be best suited to research and provide. The annulment can be contested by your spouse as well, which can lead to a more costly process. Before seeking an annulment on your own with the Court, it is best to consult with an annulment attorney to determine if an annulment is right for you.
Don’t Miss: Toll Cost From Baltimore To Nyc
Ancillary Relief Available In An Annulment
- for an annulment or dissolution of a marriage,
- for a divorce, for a separation,
- for a declaration of the nullity of a void marriage,
- for a declaration of the validity or nullity of a foreign judgment of divorce,
- for a declaration of the validity or nullity of a marriage,
- and to proceedings to obtain maintenance or a distribution of marital property following a foreign judgment of divorce
It is the act of getting married that confers the authority of DRL 236 B, not the cause of action.
About J. Douglas BaricsJ. Douglas Barics is a matrimonial attorney located in Commack NY who regularly represents individuals in all divorce and family law matters.
For Additional InformationIf you have any questions about this article, please contact J. Douglas Barics
Disclaimer: The article “Annulments, Void Marriages and Voidable Marriages in New York” is provided as a free educational service and does not constitute legal advice. For more information see the full disclaimer.
The Law Office of J. Douglas Barics has provided Long Island and New York City with innovative representation in divorce proceedings, foreclosure defense and appeals for over 25 years.
Law Office of J. Douglas Barics356 Veterans Memorial Highway Suite 3Commack, NY 11725
How Much Does It Cost To Get An Annulment
Generally, annulment costs will vary depending upon the complexity of the case and whether the case will need to go to trial, or in some instances, the Court may grant the annulment on the papers thereby avoiding the expense of Court appearances.
Since most divorce attorneys charge by the hour, the case costs are determined by the number of hours the attorney expends on the case, plus applicable Court costs. This is similar to how divorces are charged by attorneys.
Living Apart And Separations In Ny
Living apart, without a formal written agreement of separation or a court judgment of separation, is not recognized as a ground for a New York State divorce, no matter how long you continue to live separately.
Regarding separations, there are only two valid ways to dissolve a marriage. Each requires separation of one or more years. The law requires that you and your spouse live apart either under a written contract of separation or under a court judgment of separation and the spouse seeking the divorce must have substantially complied with the terms of the agreement or judgment.
Filing For Divorce In New York Without Using A Lawyer
You can file for divorce in New York without using the services of a lawyer. This works best in an uncontested divorce when all terms have been agreed upon.
The New York State Unified Court System actually has an Uncontested Divorce Program that spouses can use to streamline and expedite the process. It can be accessed in both people are over 18 years old, the couple has no children under 21 years old, the marriage has been over for at least six months and cannot be saved, and all marital property issues have been resolved.
To access the Uncontested Divorce Program, go here.
Also Check: Madame Tussauds New York Parking
Conditions For Annulment Of Marriage In New York If You Want To Obtain An Annulment Of Marriage In Ny You Will Have To Show That Your Marriage Was Either Void Or Voidable
How to get an annulment in ny. An annulment is legal decree that states that a marriage was never valid. Technically, after an annulment, the marriage never took place, making it especially hard to trace its records. There are only five recognized grounds for annulment in new york.
Those are an undissolved previous marriage, one spouse was underage at the time of marriage, one spouse is physically incapable of having sexual relations, consent to marriage by force, consent to marriage by fraud, or incapability of consent to marriage. If you didn’t marry in colorado, either you or your spouse must have. Check your state’s specific requirements.
New york annulment forms faq nyc annulment lawyers. A void marriage is one where, no matter how long you have been married, the marriage can never be legally valid and you can always obtain an annulment of marriage in new york. Unlike in the case of a divorce, where written statement and sworn testimony is valid to get divorce approval, an annulment requires a trial followed by a hearing in the state court before a judge.
Its done with a summons. If your spouse agrees with your decision to seek an annulment, you may be able to represent yourself before the court. In new york, annulment is available when:
The cost of an annulment can vary from church to church.
I was thinking about asking for an annulment of my
How Do I Get An Annulment In Iowa
In Iowa, you will need to file a Petition for Annulment similar to how you would file for divorce. You file your petition for annulment in the district court for the county where either you or your spouse live. Contact the clerk at your county district court to see if they have a sample petition for annulment that you can use. A link showing maps and contact information for all Iowa district courts is listed below.
The spouse filing for annulment is called the petitioner in the petition, and the other spouse is the respondent.
Either you or your spouse needs to have lived in Iowa for the last year. The petition should state which spouse has lived in Iowa for at least a year, and give the name, birth date, and address for both spouses. It should also give the date of the marriage, and the name and birth date for children, if any. The petition should list the legal grounds from the previous section that make your marriage eligible for annulment. If you need temporary support for yourself or any children, you should also state that in your petition.
You will have a hearing in front of the judge where you will have a chance to explain the reasons your marriage should be annulled. If the judge believes you have proven this, the judge will sign an order granting an annulment of your marriage. The judge can also sign an order granting your annulment if your spouse doesnt dispute that the marriage should be annulled.
Recommended Reading: How To Get A New York Phone Number
Read Also: How Much Are Tolls From Va To Ny